xcode-select 命令详解


It’s not uncommon developers to have multiple versions of Xcode installed. For example, I typically have the latest beta as well as the most current production release installed.

However, there are times when you may want various tools, such as xcodebuild, to point to a specific Xcode folder. To faciliate this, you can use xcode-select. A common use case is if you use scripts and/or makefiles to build your projects.
Once you set the Xcode folder, xcodebuild will be invoked from the folder you specified.
The command line options are below:

xcode-select [-help]
xcode-select [-switch xcode_folder_path]
xcode-select [-print-path]
xcode-select [-version]

Here is how to print the current Xcode path:

$ xcode-select --print-path
/Developer/Applications/Xcode.app

Line number 2 shows the current version of Xcode that is ‘active.’ If you are accessing xcodebuild or other related tools from a script, –print-path is the preferred means to determine the current Xcode location.
Use the -switch option to change to another version of Xcode on your system:

$ sudo xcode-select --switch /Applications/Xcode-beta.app/Contents/Developer

This changes to the Xcode-beta 9 on my system. Note that root access is required to set the Xcode location, thus I have used sudo to execute the command as root.
Printing the path now looks as follows:

$ xcode-select --print-path
/Applications/Xcode-beta.app/Contents/Developer

To switch back to Xcode installed in the /Applications directory:

$ sudo xcode-select -switch /Applications/Xcode.app/

You can read more about xcode-select by view the man page from a terminal:

$ man xcode-select

文章作者: 套陆
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